Others would prefer that delegates concentrate their efforts on the coordination and organization of the movement and on the planning of new campaigns. However it has often been argued that in the dominated countries most of the world the WSF is little more than an 'NGO fair' driven by Northern NGOs and donors most of which are hostile to popular movements of the poor.
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However, in recent decades have shown a distinctive rise in globalization movements in North Korea. Under the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Pyongyang , introduced a number of reforms in areas such as technology and trade.
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The reform that had the most significance to North Korea was trade. North Korea saw a change in trading partnerships. They now not only traded with themselves but also with South Korea and China. North Korea introduced these reforms because they were lacking in areas of technology and trade and they realized that they could not maintain themselves as a society without help from other nations.
But even with these new reforms North Korea still remains the most isolated society in the world. The anti-globalization movement has been criticized by politicians, members of conservative think tanks , and many mainstream economists. Critics assert that the empirical evidence does not support the views of the anti-globalization movement. These critics point to statistical trends which are interpreted to be results of globalization, capitalism, and the economic growth they encourage. Members of the anti-globalization movement argue that positive data from countries which largely ignored neoliberal prescriptions, notably China, discredits the evidence that pro-globalists present.
For example, concerning the parameter of per capita income growth, development economist Ha-Joon Chang writes that considering the record of the last two decades the argument for continuing neo-liberal policy prescriptions are "simply untenable. And even this 1. Jagdish Bhagwati argues that reforms that opened up the economies of China and India contributed to their higher growth in s and s. From to their GDP grew at average rate of 10 and 6 percent respectively. This was accompanied by reduction of poverty from 28 percent in to 9 percent in in China, and from 51 percent in to 26 percent in in India.
Stiglitz, speaking not only on China but East Asia in general, comments "The countries that have managed globalization China's economy had grown together with its economic freedom. One of the most common criticisms of the movement, which does not necessarily come from its opponents, is simply that the anti-globalization movement lacks coherent goals, and that the views of different protesters are often in opposition to each other.
One argument often made by the opponents of the anti-globalization movement especially by The Economist , is that one of the major causes of poverty amongst third-world farmers are the trade barriers put up by rich nations and poor nations alike. The WTO is an organization set up to work towards removing those trade barriers. Therefore, it is argued, people really concerned about the plight of the third world should actually be encouraging free trade, rather than attempting to fight it. Specifically, commodities such as sugar are heavily distorted by subsidies on behalf of powerful economies the United States, Europe, and Japan , who have a disproportionate influence in the WTO.
As a result, producers in these countries often receive x the world market price.
Many supporters of globalization think that policies different from those of today should be pursued, although not necessarily those advocated by the anti-globalization movement. For example, some see the World Bank and the IMF as corrupt bureaucracies which have given repeated loans to dictators who never do any reforms. Some, like Hernando De Soto , argue that much of the poverty in the Third World countries is caused by the lack of Western systems of laws and well-defined and universally recognized property rights.
De Soto argues that because of the legal barriers poor people in those countries can not utilize their assets to produce more wealth. Critics have asserted that people from poor and developing countries have been relatively accepting and supportive of globalization while the strongest opposition to globalization has come from activists, unions, and NGOs in wealthier developed countries.
Alan Shipman, author of "The Globalization Myth" accuses the anti-globalization movement of "defusing the Western class war by shifting alienation and exploitation to developing-country sweatshops. These critics assert that people from the Third World see the anti-globalization movement as a threat to their jobs, wages, consuming options and livelihoods, and that a cessation or reversal of globalization would result in many people in poor countries being left in greater poverty.
Reyes Heroles the former Mexican Ambassador to the US, stated that "in a poor country like ours, the alternative to low-paid jobs isn't well-paid ones, it's no jobs at all. Egypt's Ambassador to the UN has also stated "The question is why all of a sudden, when third world labor has proved to be competitive, why do industrial countries start feeling concerned about our workers? When all of a sudden there is a concern about the welfare of our workers, it is suspicious. On the other hand, there have been notable protests against certain globalization policies by workers in developing nations as in the cause of Indian farmers protesting against patenting seeds.
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In the last few years, many developing countries esp. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Theories and ideas. Notable works. Organizations and groups. Adbusters Crass CrimethInc. Deep Green Resistance Democracy Now! Related social movements.
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See also. Main article: Criticisms of globalization. Main article: Anti-war movement. See also: List of anti-globalization demonstrations. Main article: Washington A16, Main article: Protests during the EU summit in Gothenburg This section may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia's layout guidelines. Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Business and economics portal Society portal. New York: Paradigm. Durham: Duke University Press.
Oxford: Blackwell, Podobnik states that "the vast majority of groups that participate in these protests draw on international networks of support, and they generally call for forms of globalization that enhance democratic representation, human rights, and egalitarianism. The term 'anti-globalization' is in many ways a misnomer, since the group represents a wide range of interests and issues and many of the people involved in the anti-globalization movement do support closer ties between the various peoples and cultures of the world through, for example, aid, assistance for refugees, and global environmental issues.
New Global Studies. Theorizing Global Studies. UK: Palgrave Macmillan. Archived from the original on August 7, Retrieved Archived from the original on December 4, Alternative globalizations: an integrative approach to studying dissident knowledge in the global justice movement. New York: Routledge.
The Global Studies Journal. Archived from the original on Le Monde Diplomatique. January Comparative European Politics. Retrieved on December 29, London: Guardian. The Boston Globe. May 3, October 3, Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 13 July Socialism Today May Workers World. Broad condemnation of police repression". Retrieved September 12, Open Left.
The Washington Post. The Badger Herald. October 9, Fahrenthold, October 16, ". Archived PDF from the original on Leonnig, September 12, ; Page B01". Associated Press. Washington City Paper. The Washington City Paper. The Seattle Times. December 15, The Economist.
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